60 Karl Marx Quotes to Inspire Critical Thinking and Questioning of Society

These Karl Marx quotes will give you a simple summary and provide insight into who he was as a person and what inspired his beliefs.

Though he lived more than 100 years ago, the theories and ideas of Karl Marx still have an influence on society today.

Despite the fact that some of his principles may be controversial, there’s no denying that this German philosopher had lessons that could be valuable to even those who didn’t agree with him.

Considered the founder of Marxism — also sometimes referred to as communism or socialism — Karl Marx wrote the famous Communist Manifesto in 1848, a book that’s still one of the most important pieces of literature of its time.

Not just a political philosopher, Karl Marx was an educated man who was also considered an economist, historian, author, and social theorist.

These Karl Marx quotes are representative of that, and whether you’re interested in a history lesson or just some food for thought, here’s a good place to start.

For more insights from past philosophers, don’t forget to also check out our list of Greek philosopher quotes.

If you enjoy this article, check out our most popular quote article, a list of short inspirational quotes for daily motivation. 

If you want more motivational quotes, check out our motivational quotes category page.

Karl Marx Quotes on Politics

1. “The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them.” ― Karl Marx

Karl Marx Quotes on Politics

2. “The bureaucracy is a circle from which no one can escape. Its hierarchy is a hierarchy of knowledge.” ― Karl Marx

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3. “Democracy is the road to socialism.” ― Karl Marx

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4. “A nation cannot become free and at the same time continue to oppress other nations. The liberation of Germany cannot therefore take place without the liberation of Poland from German oppression.” ― Karl Marx

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5. “The country that is more developed industrially only shows, to the less developed, the image of its own future.” ― Karl Marx

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6. “Political power, properly so called, is merely the organised power of one class for oppressing another.” ― Karl Marx

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Karl Marx Quotes on History

7. “History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.” ― Karl Marx

Karl Marx Quotes on History

8. “The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles.” ― Karl Marx

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9. “Revolutions are the locomotives of history.” ― Karl Marx

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10. “Man makes his own history, but he does not make it out of the whole cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of such as he finds close at hand.” ― Karl Marx

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11. “History calls those men the greatest who have ennobled themselves by working for the common good; experience acclaims as happiest the man who has made the greatest number of people happy.” ― Karl Marx

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12. “History does nothing, it ‘possesses no immense wealth’, it ‘wages no battles’. It is man, real, living man who does all that, who possesses and fights; ‘history’ is not, as it were, a person apart, using man as a means to achieve its own aims; history is nothing but the activity of man pursuing his aims.” ― Karl Marx

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13. “History is the judge — its executioner, the proletarian.” ― Karl Marx

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14. “The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles.” ― Karl Marx

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Karl Marx Quotes on Society

15. “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it.” ― Karl Marx

Karl Marx Quotes on Society

16. “Social progress can be measured by the social position of the female sex.” ― Karl Marx

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17. “Surround yourself with people who make you happy. People who make you laugh, who help you when you’re in need. People who genuinely care. They are the ones worth keeping in your life. Everyone else is just passing through.” ― Karl Marx

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18. “Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form.” ― Karl Marx

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19. “Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workingmen of all countries unite!” ― Karl Marx

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20. “Society does not consist of individuals, but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within which these individuals stand.” ― Karl Marx

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21. “The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living.” ― Karl Marx

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22. “The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people.” ― Karl Marx

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23. “The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class.” ― Karl Marx

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24. “To be radical is to go to the root of the matter. For man, however, the root is man himself.” ― Karl Marx

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25. “Religion is the opium of the masses.” ― Karl Marx

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26. “The hand-mill gives you society with the feudal lord; the steam-mill society with the industrial capitalist.” ― Karl Marx

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Karl Marx Quotes on Critical Thinking

27. “I am nothing but I must be everything.” ― Karl Marx

Karl Marx Quotes on Critical Thinking

28. “To be radical is to grasp things by the root.” ― Karl Marx

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29. “Favourite motto … De omnibus dubitandum [Everything must be doubted].” ― Karl Marx

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30. “Necessity is blind until it becomes conscious. Freedom is the consciousness of necessity.” ― Karl Marx

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31. “I am a machine condemned to devour books.” ― Karl Marx

32. “The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question.” ― Karl Marx

33. “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it.” ― Karl Marx

34. “Only your small-minded German philistine who measures world history by the ell and by what he happens to think are ‘interesting news items’, could regard 20 years as more than a day where major developments of this kind are concerned, though these may be again succeeded by days into which 20 years are compressed.” ― Karl Marx

35. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition that needs illusions” ― Karl Marx

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Karl Marx Quotes on Capitalism

36. “The rich will do anything for the poor but get off their backs.” ― Karl Marx

37. “The last capitalist we hang shall be the one who sold us the rope.” ― Karl Marx

38. “You must be aware that the reward for labour, and quantity of labour, are quite disparate things.” ― Karl Marx

39. “The increase in value of the world of things is directly proportional to the decrease in value of the human world.” ― Karl Marx

40. “Capitalism: Teach a man to fish, but the fish he catches aren’t his. They belong to the person paying him to fish, and if he’s lucky, he might get paid enough to buy a few fish for himself.” ― Karl Marx

41. “The less you eat, drink, buy books, go to the theatre or to balls, or to the pub, and the less you think, love, theorize, sing, paint, fence, etc., the more you will be able to save and the greater will become your treasure which neither moth nor rust will corrupt—your capital. The less you are, the less you express your life, the more you have, the greater is your alienated life and the greater is the saving of your alienated being.” ― Karl Marx

42. “Accumulate, accumulate! This is Moses and the Prophets!” ― Karl Marx

43. “Capital is dead labour, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labour, and lives the more, the more labour it sucks.” ― Karl Marx

44. “Political Economy regards the proletarian … like a horse, he must receive enough to enable him to work. It does not consider him, during the time when he is not working, as a human being. It leaves this to criminal law, doctors, religion, statistical tables, politics, and the beadle.” ― Karl Marx

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45. “Machines were, it may be said, the weapon employed by the capitalist to quell the revolt of specialized labor.” ― Karl Marx

46. “Moments are the elements of profit” ― Karl Marx

Karl Marx Quotes on Communism

47. “The theory of Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.” ― Karl Marx

48. “Communism is the riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be this solution.” ― Karl Marx

49. “Landlords like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed.” ― Karl Marx

50. “Nothing can have value without being an object of utility.” ― Karl Marx

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51. “Take away a nation’s heritage and they are more easily persuaded.” – Karl Marx

52. “The meaning of peace is the absence of opposition to socialism.” – Karl Marx

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53. “If you can cut the people off from their history, then they can be easily persuaded.” – Karl Marx

54. “When the sufferers learn to think, then the thinkers will learn to suffer.” – Karl Marx

55. “The first requisite for the happiness of the people is the abolition of religion.” – Karl Marx

56. “The existence of the state is inseparable from the existence of slavery.” – Karl Marx

57. “Religion is the impotence of the human mind to deal with occurrences it cannot understand.” – Karl Marx

58. “A people without a heritage are easily persuaded.” – Karl Marx

59. “Be careful to trust a person who does not like wine.” – Karl Marx

60. “All history is nothing but a continuous transformation of human nature.” – Karl Marx

What did you learn from these Karl Marx quotes?

Whether or not you consider yourself a communist, socialist, Marxist — or, even a capitalist — Karl Marx is an important historical figure that’s worth studying.

Today, more than 200 years after his birth, we still explore concepts that stem from Karl Marx’s theories.

But, if you don’t have time for a thorough history lesson, these Karl Marx quotes can give you a simple summary and provide insight into who he was as a person and what inspired his beliefs.

It’s important to recognize that there are countries today that were founded on Karl Marx’s principles and ideologies, and those countries continue to follow Marxist theories to date.

Even if you are not in agreement with those theories or those countries’ policies, it’s still worth learning how a man who lived long ago still has a strong influence over how powerful countries and societies run themselves today.

What’s your biggest takeaway from these powerful Karl Marx quotes?

Do you have any other thought-provoking quotes to add?

Let us know in the comment section below.

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  1. Bunny R Luttrell

    February 28, 2021 at 6:11 PM


  2. KnowitAll

    December 30, 2020 at 11:18 AM

    He believed that change is only possible through antagonism. He believed capitalism is evil despite seeing the fact that it raised more from poverty than any other economy. He believed that the government should own everything. you don’t own your home it’s given to you. With socialism, you gain a false sense of safety, a life of mediocrity, and lose the ability to aspire to see how great you can be. My family fled the Russians in 1956 during the Hungarian uprising. We understand communism and its little brother socialism. The means of production will never be by the people it is by those who put up the venture capital…the government. We came to America to live free or die!!

    Don’t believe the sexy lies about how we are all be treated equally. You will be part of a collective group-think and if you are out of line they kill you. Socialism is referred to as the failed idea that never dies.

  3. Curious

    April 26, 2020 at 2:37 AM

    Thanks for putting these great quotes together. I have known very little about Marx’s work and this is a good introduction to his thoughts and theory.

    It will be great if you can add a list of references to these quotes – better still to reference each of his quote to the source – a lot of work of course.

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